Open Society FoundationsHailed as a man of the people, his campaign was built on a platform of human rights. But on January 18, Jokowi placed himself in a category of his own: The people sentenced to death were anabolic steroids addictive qualities convicted of drug trafficking. Five of the six were foreigners, which prompted a swift and emphatic international outcry. Three of the countries whose citizens were among the executed recalled their ambassadors from Indonesia, and several advocacy groups condemned the executions in no uncertain terms.
Steroid Addiction - Signs, Symptoms & Treatment
Every four years, people all over the world anticipate the largest national sports competition, but almost every year, an acclaimed athlete falls into the scandal of steroids, performance-enhancement drugs, or developing a steroid addiction. In May , Russian athletes who won gold medals at the Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, were ousted for doping while competing in various sports. In a CBS 60 Minutes interview , the whistle-blower of the government-run doping agency, Yuliya and Vitaly Stepanov, explained how doping was embedded into the skills of various Olympic athletes.
Let people know the whole truth, the way things happen in Russia. Just like Yulia and other Russian athletes who were exposed during the scandal, athletes all over the world struggle with the pressure of doping to uphold records, medals, and championships. Steroid addiction has an extensive history with athletes in rigorous competitions, such as the Olympics.
According to ProCon , Greek gladiators were recorded using hallucinogens and stimulants to prevent fatigue and injury during the original Olympic Games in AD. Fast-forward to the 20th century, and the first Olympic athlete, Danish cyclist Knut Jensen, died in during the summer Olympics in Rome from an amphetamine called Ronical. Even with the national and international reinforcements against doping, copious amounts of athletes were and are still being caught with banned performance-enhancement drugs in their urine or blood samples.
You may remember the doping scandal behind Ben Johnson , a Canadian track star who won gold during the Olympic Games. Johnson was dismissed from the game by the IOC after testing positive for stanozolol, an anabolic steroid.
Or, what about Roger Clemens, the most dominant American baseball pitcher who was accused of doping by his teammates and trainer of using steroids? Despite the severe consequences of jail time and being stripped of medals and titles, steroid addiction still plays a major role in almost every sport. In the past decade, seven-time Tour de France winner, Lance Armstrong; two-time World Heavyweight Champion, Chris Benoit, who killed his wife and son before committing suicide; and, most recently, five-time Grand Slam champion, Maria Sharapova, have all been stripped of titles, privileges, or mentally affected by doping.
There are many substances—both illegal and prescription—that aid athletes in their performances. Although anabolic steroids or synthetic variations of testosterone remain the most common performance enhancement used in sports, other popular substances include androstenedione, human growth hormone, erythropoietin, diuretics, creatine, and stimulants.
According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse NIDA , the continual use of steroids can lead to developing a steroid addiction and an onset of health problems.
An article published by LiveWell , explained the different ways athletes use substances for competitions and games. The most common dosing is done in cycles of weeks or months, with a short break down.
Pyramiding describes slowly injecting steroids until the athlete hits a peak and then decreasing the frequency and rate of drug use. As confusing as these terminologies may be to those who are unfamiliar with how steroids work, the dangers of doping create a magnitude of concerns for athletic and medical institutes.
Anabolic steroids metabolize protein to promote the growth of muscles and to delay fatigue. The cause for concern is raised when an athlete begins to abuse these steroids. Health problems as a result of anabolic steroids can manifest in both men and women.
For men, the side effects of anabolic steroids include infertility, breast development, shrinking of the testicles, and severe cysts. Women who abuse these drugs may start to experience a deeper voice, enlargement of the clitoris, excessive growth of body hair, and male-pattern baldness.
Anabolic Steroids and How They Work: These are just some of the most common forms of steroids. Today, many synthetic drugs exist but the technological advancements, along with WADA, are working to ban all performance-enhancement substances. According to ProCon , in , WADA banned performance-enhancement drugs including marijuana, alcohol, insulin, blood transfusions and gene manipulations.
Of the 21, drug tests conducted at the Summer Olympics between and , more than tested positive for doping violations. The same statistic also reported the results of a German study done on 52 athletes who had a steroid addiction during the s and s. Twenty-five percent of the athletes got some form of cancer, 1 in 3 reported thoughts or attempts of suicide, and their risk of miscarriage and stillbirth was 32 times higher than that of the normal German population.
In , 20 percent of high school students said they were influenced to use anabolic steroids by athletes, and 50 percent said that professional athletes influenced their friends to take steroids, according to ProCon. Also, the number of NFL players who weighed more than pounds increased from 10 in to more than by Though the competitive world of athletes may pressure people into ingesting steroids, there are many factors that an athlete must consider before taking these substances.
An athlete can face jail time, expensive fines, and ultimately a lifetime of shame for cheating. On June 17, , the Russian track and field team was barred from competing in the Rio Olympics because of their government-ran doping, according to the New York Times.
The endurance and strength benefits of steroids can lead to a habitual use. Although steroids do cause slight euphoria, its addictive qualities are due to behavioral and physical enhancements.
According to NIDA, treatment for steroid addictions are most successful through behavioral therapy. People who are addicted to anabolic steroids may experience withdrawal symptoms during treatment, such as mood swings, decreased sex drive, fatigue, cravings, and depression. If you or a loved one are battling a steroid or substance-use problem, then our specialists are available If you are looking to get back on track and perform fairly and health, as an athlete, then our specialists are available to help you choose the proper treatment plan.
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Delphi Behavioral Health Group. This field is required. Please select one option below. Sorry an error occurred! Androstenedione Andro is a supplement made from a naturally occurring steroid hormone, according to LiveWell. Although there is little scientific evidence that shows its effectiveness as a performance-enhancement drug, it was banned by the US Food and Drug Administration in Primobolan Methenolone is popular among athletes, especially MBA players, because of its ability to help them build strength without muscle bulk and other side effects of steroid addiction.
It can be digested orally or injected by players. FDA has a chemical makeup that is similar to other banned substances. Similar to synthetic testosterone, it increases muscle mass. DHEA is converted in the body to make male and female sex hormones, estrogen and testosterone.
It was initially marketed as anti-aging supplements, but this prohormone was taken off the market in It is still banned by sports organizations even though it was reintroduced in as a nutritional supplement. Sobering Statistics These are just some of the most common forms of steroids.
Battling a Steroid Addiction? Get Help Now The endurance and strength benefits of steroids can lead to a habitual use. Add a comment Click here to cancel reply.