Anabolic steroid abuse and dependence.Anabolic-androgenic steroids AAS are mainly used to treat androgen deficiency syndromes and, more recently, catabolic states such as AIDS-associated anabolic steroid abusers. There is no evidence in the reviewed literature that AAS abuse or dependence anabolic steroid abusers from the therapeutic use of AAS. Conversely, dianabol supplement price of AAS dependence have been reported among weightlifters and bodybuilders who, as part of their weight training regimens, chronically administered supraphysiologic doses, often including combinations of the strongest steroid cycle and oral AAS as well as other drugs of abuse. A new model is proposed in which both the "myoactive" and qnabolic effects of AAS contribute to the development of AAS dependence. The adverse consequences anaboli AAS are reviewed, as well as their anabolic steroid abusers by means of a history and physical, mental status examination, and laboratory testing. When patients with AAS use disorders are compared with patients with other substance use disorders, both similarities and differences become apparent and have implications for treatment.
DrugFacts: Anabolic Steroids | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Appearance and performance enhancing drugs APEDs are most often used by males to improve appearance by building muscle mass or to enhance athletic performance. However, users may develop a substance use disorder, defined as continued use despite adverse consequences.
They can lead to early heart attacks, strokes, liver tumors, kidney failure, and psychiatric problems. In addition, stopping use can cause depression, often leading to resumption of use.
Because steroids are often injected, users who share needles or use nonsterile injecting techniques are also at risk for contracting dangerous infections such as viral hepatitis and HIV. Steroids are popularly associated with doping by elite athletes, but since the s, their use by male non-athlete weightlifters has exceeded their use by competitive athletes.
National Institute on Drug Abuse website. This series of reports simplifies the science of research findings for the educated lay public, legislators, educational groups, and practitioners.
The series reports on research findings of national interest. Skip to main content. Introduction Appearance and performance enhancing drugs APEDs are most often used by males to improve appearance by building muscle mass or to enhance athletic performance. What is the history of anabolic steroid use?
Who uses anabolic steroids? Why are anabolic steroids misused? How are anabolic steroids used? What are the side effects of anabolic steroid misuse? How does anabolic steroid misuse affect behavior?
What are the risks of anabolic steroid use in teens? How do anabolic steroids work in the brain? Are anabolic steroids addictive?
How are anabolic steroids tested in athletes? What can be done to prevent steroid misuse? What treatments are effective for anabolic steroid misuse? Where can I get further information about steroids? Ordering Publications Call or: Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction. Facts Parents Need to Know.